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A D V A N C E D M A T E R I A L S & P R O C E S S E S | N O V E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2 0 1 5

ASM International

9639 Kinsman Road, Materials Park, OH 44073

Tel: 440.338.5151 • Fax: 440.338.4634

Frances Richards,


Julie Lucko,


Jim Pallotta,

Creative Director

Kate Fornadel,

Layout and Design

Annie Beck,

Production Manager

Press Release Editor


Jaimie Tiley,


U.S. Air Force Research Lab

Somuri Prasad,

Vice Chair,

Sandia National Lab

Yu-Ping Yang,

Past Chair,


Ellen Cerreta,

Board Liaison,

Los Alamos

National Lab

Steven Claves,

Alcoa Technical Center

Mario Epler,

Carpenter Technology Corp.

Adam Farrow,

Los Alamos National Lab

Nia Harrison,

Ford Motor Co.

Yaakov Idell,


John Shingledecker,


Kumar Sridharan,

University of Wisconsin


Jon D. Tirpak,


William E. Frazier,

Vice President

Sunniva R. Collins,

Immediate Past President

Craig D. Clauser,


Ellen K. Cerreta

Kathryn Dannemann

Ryan M. Deacon

Jacqueline M. Earle

John R. Keough

Zi-Kui Liu

Sudipta Seal

Tirumalai S. Sudarshan

David B. Williams

Terry F. Mosier,

Secretary and Managing Director


Aaron Birt, Joseph DeGenova, Sarah Straub

Individual readers of Advanced Materials & Processes may,

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sonal or archival use, or may freely make such copies in such

numbers as are deemed useful for educational or research

purposes and are not for sale or resale. Permission is granted

to cite or quote fromarticles herein, provided customary

acknowledgment of the authors and source is made.

The acceptance and publication of manuscripts in Advanced

Materials & Processes does not imply that the reviewers,

editors, or publisher accept, approve, or endorse the data,

opinions, and conclusions of the authors.


elcome to our final edition for 2015! Has the year

flown by at supersonic speed or is it just me? We

hope you enjoy this special double issue covering

advanced testing technologies and featuring our heat treat-

ing and thermal spray quarterly supplements. We also hope

that many of you had a chance to enjoy at least part of our fall

conference circuit—including MS&T15, Heat Treat, and ISTFA.

Look for articles in future issues of


reportingon technol-

ogy advancements presented at these meetings. For now, I’d like to share some of

themost interesting tidbits and takeaways.

At MS&T, the “big picture” lectures were simply outstanding, especially the

plenary session and Alpha SigmaMu lecture. The plenary featured three speakers

who talked about vastly different subjects. NASA’s Sylvia Johnson discussed the

urgent need for advanced materials in space applications such as Mars missions.

Because these materials will face extreme pressures, temperatures, mechanical

loads, and constant radiation, they must be rugged and reliable, in addition to

being lightweight, flexible, and above all, affordable. A tall order! Johnson also

mentioned polymer matrix composites, computationally designed materials,

and the need for robust thermal protection systems as key initiatives. Harry

Bhadeshia of the University of Cambridge then presented a fascinating talk on

martensitic transformations in steels to a packed audience with lively questions.

Rounding out the plenary was Vincent Russo, FASM, who recently retired

from Wright-Patterson AFB. He discussed the qualities that make a “splendid

leader,” pointing out that leadership can be learned, but it takes a lot of effort

and self-awareness. He also made a distinction between a leader’s IQ or intel-

lect and their EQ or emotional intelligence. Recognizing that women in general

are socialized to be more emotionally in tune than their male counterparts, he

offered these words, “Women have an eight-lane superhighway for processing

emotions, while men have a small country road.” Despite these differences, both

women and men can become more effective leaders by developing their “es-

sence,” which involves self-awareness, self-management, self-motivation, inter-

personal expertise, and relationship building—another tall order!

Perhaps the most fascinating talk was the Alpha Sigma Mu lecture by Sieg-

fried Hecker on “Metallurgy and Nuclear Diplomacy.” During the past 40+ years,

Hecker has visited nuclear facilities in some of the world’s most volatile places,

logging more than 50 trips to Russia, six to North Korea, and several others to

China, India, and Pakistan, in addition to keeping close tabs on Iran. One of the

greatest challenges he discussed was the collapse of the Soviet Union. Before

the collapse, Soviet nuclear materials were kept safe by “guns, guards, and Gu-

lags.” After, new worries included loose nukes (40,000 weapons), loose nuclear

materials (1,400,000 kg of fissile materials), loose workers (one million people

employed by the nuclear complex), and loose nuclear exports. Hecker also dis-

cussed China’s plan to open 80 nuclear energy reactors by 2020, North Korea’s

“small arsenal” of nuclear weapons, Iran’s foray into nuclear power, and the

powder keg known as India-Pakistan relations. He concluded with a slide on the

double-edged sword of nuclear technology, with peace and prosperity on one

side (through clean energy) and war and disaster on the other—a daunting bal-

ancing act without a simple solution.

In other news, it has now been a full year with


fresh design and feed-

back is encouraging. In 2016, look for new departments covering engineering

primers and additive manufacturing. In the meantime, enjoy the holidays!