FEATURE A D V A N C E D M A T E R I A L S & P R O C E S S E S | M A Y / J U N E 2 0 1 9 3 4 2 equipment and alloys, hands-on with real industry appli- cations, and hands-on with design challenges. This is being accomplished through senior design and capstone projects, but more of these projects could be focused on thermal processing challenges and solutions. It is critical that uni- versities with materials science and engineering, metallur- gy, materials processing, and thermal processing programs maintain and expand active learning opportunities for undergraduates. Providing research experiences and facilitating intern- ship and cooperative learning programs for undergraduates helps to solidify textbook knowledge and reveal firsthand the differences between ideal conditions and real-life pro- duction. Industry has a role to provide relevant senior design projects, participate in industry advisory boards that help to shape curricula, and whenever possible, work with schools to provide tours and showcase exciting career opportunities in the field. In addition, education and research needs to shift to an increased understanding of materials processing data. An- tiquated methods of trial and error for new recipe creation are costly, but in order to design superior manufacturing processes and optimize heat treatments without lengthy trial and error steps, much better materials data are need- ed. Joint efforts between academia and industry will help to generate the necessary materials data for design, modeling, and simulation studies, as well as establish best practices for process data collection and data curation. Education must include literacy in relevant computational methods and da- tabase structures alongside fundamental materials process- ing knowledge. By working together, industry and academia can prepare the next generation of engineers to tackle the most challenging thermal processing issues. Lesley D. Frame Assistant Professor, University of Connecticut A MATERIALS DATA PARADIGM SHIFT: LOOKING TOWARD THE FUTURE OF HEAT TREATING H eat treating is the great equalizer. Knowledge trans- fer of material property manipulation through processing recipes has a long history of being regarded as a mystery or even as an art. Essential aspects of heat treating are shared in textbooks and elective courses in many en- gineering curricula, but the ex- ceptions to all of the fundamental rules rarely find their way into lecture halls. These details are learned through on-the - job training and by watching the heat treat masters. In the past, this method of training and education has worked well enough. General rules and fundamental training on the be- havior of alloy systems provided a sufficient starting point for recipe generation and process improvement, but this is changing. Look at any major sector of manufacturing that in- volves metals (automotive, biomaterials, aerospace, energy, structural applications), and you will notice that “advanced materials” hasmade an appearance. The demands formate- rials have increased as they are placed in ever more extreme temperature, high strength, and corrosive applications. Such demands require that alloy design is both novel and reliable. The intense competition to be first to invent and deliver pre- cise materials solutions means that process optimization and control must reduce costs and add value while increas- ing quality and consistency. Research, education, and industry all play critical roles in this changing field of thermal processing requirements. Education must include the traditional fundamentals as well as hands-on learning opportunities: hands-on with GUEST DITORIAL